Cluj-Napoca city stands out as a cultural centre and it’s totally understandable why. Two of the places that confer him this status are The Ethnographic Transylvania Musem and National Ethnographic Park. Let’s talk about why is that.
Having the title of the oldest museum in its category in Romania, The Ethnographic Transylvania Museum is located in the “Redut” palace being the most important building in the modern age. How has it acquired these titles? Well, the permanent exhibition of the museum has a major word to say especially considering the fact that he was awarded by the International Council of Museums. Another reason that makes it special is the Ethnographic Museum’s unique perspective brought to traditional civilization and cultural diversity specific to the Transylvanian land. And it does not stop here. Later, in 1929, an open-air museum, located exactly in the Hoia woods was added to this exhibition pavilion in which were brought together some of the most important monuments of traditional architecture in Romania. Not long after, in 1999 the outdoor station was renamed National Ethnographic Park “Romulus Vuia” becoming a tribute to the founder of the museum.
The Ethnographic National Park is the first open-air ethnographic museum in Romania
Clearly, the Ethnographic National Park is also the first of its kind: the first open-air ethnographic museum in Romania. Being established in 1929 on a 75 ha donated land to Transylvania Ethnographic
Ministry of Agriculture Ministry Domains and as Ethnographic Museum, the park also got the name of its founder, its name becoming the National Ethnographic Park “Romulus Vuia”. What makes it even more special is that the houses of the Ethnographic Park are sheltering characteristic different ethnographic areas of Transylvania: Maramureș, Oaș, Năsăud, Transylvania Plain, Zarand, Alba Vineyard, Mocănimea Apuseni Mountains Depression, Călăţele, Bran, Bistrița, Secuime and Giurgiu.
Not to say that the Ethnographic Park kept three of the most beautiful wooden churches in Europe: Cizer Church, Sălaj county (built in 1773 by Nicola Bear, “Horia”), Chiraleș Church, Bistrița Năsăud county, 18th century and Petrind Church, Sălaj county, dated since 1612.
Did you know?
- In the “Redut” palace located on Memorandum street have performed big musicians of the world: Franz Liszt, Bélà Bàrtok and George Enescu.
- Ethnographic Museum of Transylvania in Romania is the first ethnographic museum set up at the initiative of the Ministry of the Arts.
- The plan of the National Ethnographic Park theme was developed in 1929 by Professor Romulus Vuia, the first director of the museum.