The hay stacks on the fields around Turda are enough evidence for the honest working people living on these lands. The sheepstart slowly towards the large pastures, while their shepherds watch over them, completing the scenery. All these images seem almost from a far and distant world.
Turda is a place where tradition is still alive, in a fairytale landscapes. It is a small town, but as small as it is, is stylish as well, in which God seated unprecedented wealth. It is an opened gateway to a beautiful realm that attracts millions of tourists.
Whether you visit the mine, or you look carefully at Turda’s Gorge, you will feel overwhelmed by the power of nature, but also by relentless desire of the people of Potaissa. At the foot of the Apuseni, the “salt chamber” of the city brought industrialization in these places, transforming the town in a famous commercial hub. Back then, salt was a wealth that could be compared in value to gold. The people were coming here from everywhere to do business with the weary miners and offering to exchange anything for a piece of salt.
Today, you climb Feleacul, after travelling from Napoca for about 30 miles and a small town appears, with a Gothic and Renaissance architecture, which is among the traditional urban centers in Transylvania.
Turda, ancient city
The Dacian fortress seems to exist, especially because of the traces of life that are still preserved in ancient times, as attested by archaeological findings traces well preserved by researchers.
Archaeological traces, dating back approx. 60,000 years, have been discovered in the area of Turda.
It is said that, more than 60,000 years ago, there were people who lived in these lands forming a self sustaining community. Such evidence was found in Turda’s Gorge and belongs to Mousterian Middle Paleolithic communities hunters. Later, when the Romans would conquer the Dacians in 106, we would find the first signs of a valuable establishing settlement in the city which was called Potaissa. In the early Middle Ages, we find the first documentary record of its most important asset: in the year 1271, on May 1, the salt mine is first mentioned in a document from Turda. Being located near the city of Napoca, Turda is often attacked by Tatars, attracted by its beautiful and rich lands. In modern times, the town passed from Ottoman rule to Austrian, because, ultimately, become Romanian land. In other words, a violent history, a community subjected to the hardest of attempts, a place desired and conquered by many enemies.
Turda Museum, born of the desire to preserve and protect the existing cultural heritage
Once you get to Turda, you go through history and share it without even wanting to, you will be talking to locals roaming the valleys, noting traditional costumes, marveling at your gifts and beauties of nature. You will be captivated by remote places, you’ll be fascinated by the bravery of our forefathers and you will get to know little of the old city life. Mihai Viteazu’s Tomb and the History Museum will teach you real lessons of history, Turda Saltern will tell you the story of those who have used a chisel to create the most beautiful underground sanctuary in Europe, and Turda’s Gorge will take your breath away.